Avisar de contenido inadecuado
Expand

FEMINISMO: LA IDEOLOGIA OFICIAL DE GENERO

El feminismo, la ideología oficial de género, se  enmascara como un movimiento para los derechos de las mujeres. En realidad, es un engaño cruel al decirle a las mujeres que sus instintos biológicos naturales están “fabricados socialmente” para oprimirlas. El feminismo es una ingeniería social elitista diseñada para neutralizar ambos sexos,  convirtiendo a las mujeres en masculinas y feminizando a los hombres. De este modo, las mujeres son menos aptas para el matrimonio y la maternidad, encontrándose los hombres incapaces para dirigir y sacrificarse por una familia. Los Rockefellers y los Rothschilds crearon el movimiento feminista para debilitar la familia y envenenar las relaciones hombre-mujer (divide y vencerás)

http://feminofascistas.blogspot.mx/2008/12/feminismo-la-ideologia-oficial-de.html

{
}
Expand

10 razones para apagar la televisión y ejercitar el cerebro

Por Dick Johnson en abr 11, 2012

Publicado en el blog Ejercicios para el cerebro! Imagina si utilizaras ese tiempo para ejercitarte (físicamente y también con ejercicios para el cerebro) y para construir relaciones con otras personas, de esa forma no solo estarías sumándole años a tu vida. También serias más interesante, enérgico y divertido. Acepta el reto y no veas televisión durante una semana, tal vez al principio se sienta extraño y tengas la tentación de hacerlo, pero resiste y pronto adoraras ese tiempo extra.

1. La Televisión devora Tu Tiempo: el adulto promedio pasa 4 horas al día frente a la televisión, eso es el 25% del tiempo que pasamos despiertos. Imagínate que súbitamente tienes 25% más tiempo, eso es igual 3 meses más al año! Podrías ejercitar tu cerebro, cocinar cosas deliciosas y aun tendría tiempo para escribir una novela. Durante su vida una persona de 80 años habría visto 116.800 horas de televisión, comparado con solo 98.000 horas de trabajo. ¡Hey! Imagina que podrías hacer si solo dejaras de ver televisión.

2. La Televisión Estresa: con el promedio de 4 horas al día desperdiciadas en la televisión, no hay dudas de porque las personas se sienten agobiadas y estresadas. Estamos aplazando tareas como pagar cuentas, terminar proyectos, hacer llamadas, limpiar nuestras casas y hacer ejercicios para el cerebro… por ver televisión. Nos sentimos agobiados por que todas las cosas que deberíamos estar haciendo (pasar tiempo con la familia, comer correctamente, educarnos) nunca se hacen, lo que nos conduce a  sentirnos cansados y sin energía para hacer algo más que no sea –-adivina—ver televisión. Es un círculo vicioso. Descansa de la televisión por una semana y ve que pasa en tu vida.

3. La Televisión Engorda: comer mientras estas distraído limita tu habilidad para determinar cuando has consumido. Según investigaciones de la universidad de Massachusetts las personas comen entre 31 y 74% más calorías mientras ven televisión. Súmale a esto el hecho de que muchas personas acostumbran comer mientras ven televisión y entonces podríamos decir que este hábito hace parte de las razones por las cuales cada vez más personas están sufriendo problemas de obesidad.

4. La Televisión Te Hace Poco Interesante: muchas personas tienen conversaciones que son recuentos de programas de televisión, eventos deportivos o comedias; y cuando alguien les pregunta por sus vidas, no tienen mucho de qué decir o historias para contar. La vida es demasiado rica e interesante para gastarla viendo televisión o recordando cosas que viste en ella con tus amigos. Encuentra un hobby o algo que te resulte interesante, pinta, lee, haz trabajo social—cualquier cosa menos ver televisión.

5. La Televisión Deteriora Tus Relaciones: una Tv en los estados unidos esta prendida durante 7 horas y 40 minutos al día. Con todo ese tiempo dedicado a la televisión, poco queda para compartir con las personas que quieres, o para los niños estar juntos y compartir experiencias. Sentarse juntos a ver televisión no fortalece una relación. Apaga la televisión y emplea tu tiempo en hacer cosas con otras personas, conversa, camina, cocina, ejercita tu cerebro cualquier cosa.

6. La Televisión No Relaja: la televisión es lo opuesto al ejercicio, mientras lo haces generalmente estas sentado, o acostado. Quemas la menor cantidad de calorías posible. Tu cuerpo acumula toda esa comida extra consumes mientras ves televisión y tu cerebro se adormece. Pero tú no te estás relajando – tu mente continua recibiendo estímulos de la televisión, estas procesando información y reaccionando emocionalmente a ella. ¿Alguna vez te has encontrado pensando sobre los personajes de la televisión? ¿has soñado sobre las series? Esas son señales de que tu cerebro ha estado trabajando para procesar la televisión que ves.

7. La Televisión Hace Que Pierdas Oportunidades: si pasas tu tiempo sentado viendo televisión, nada nuevo o emocionante va a pasarte. Las nuevas oportunidades e ideas surgen de estar en contacto con personas, en nuevas situaciones o de leer cosas interesantes. Ver televisión te aísla y no permite que nada cambie en tu mundo. Apaga la televisión sal al mundo, habla con personas y ve que pasa. Ese tipo de actividades son una excelente forma de nutrir y ejercitar tu cerebro.

8. La Televisión Es Adictiva, algunos síntomas de ello son:

Usar la televisión para calmarte. No ser capaz de controlar el tiempo que pasas viéndola. Sentirte ofuscado o decepcionado por toda la televisión que has visto. Sentirte castigado al no poder verla. Sentir que pierdes el control cuando estas viéndola.

Si La Idea De Suspender La Televisión Durante Una Semana Te Aterroriza Tal Vez Tengas Una Adicción. Pero felizmente la adicción a la televisión es un hábito y no una adicción física como fumar. Deberías ser capaza de controlarlo una vez seas consciente de él y tomes la decisión de cambiar.

9. La Televisión Te Hace Comprar Cosas: a los 65 años una persona promedio habrá visto 2 millones de comerciales. Tu conocimiento sobre productos y marcas surge de ellos, y tu percepción de necesidad también viene de ellos. Si no supieras que tu iPod se puede comunicar con tus zapatos para hacer ejercicio, no sentirías que los que tienes ahora están pasados de moda. Nuestras percepciones de necesidad surgen de lo que vemos. Necesitaras menos a medida que veas menos televisión.

10. La Televisión Cuesta Dinero: un servicio de cable básico cuesta aproximadamente 43 dólares, el equivalente a USD 500 al año. Con ese dinero podrías comprar una membrecía para un gimnasio, o un museo, comprar una buena bicicleta, y si lo invirtieras cada año al 10% de interés tendrías mas de USD 10.000 en 10 años.

Apaga tu televisión y haz mas ejercicios para tu cerebro.

http://elespiritudeltiempo.org/blog/10-razones-para-apagar-la-television-y-ejercitar-el-cerebro/

Expand

En su libro, Stone se lanza contra Obama

WASHINGTON.— El cineasta Oliver Stone critica al presidente de Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, en un nuevo libro en el que le acusa de no haber cumplido sus promesas y de haber “empeorado” la difícil situación que heredó de su predecesor, el republicano George Bush.

El libro, que llevará por título The untold History of the United States, y que el realizador estadounidense escribió junto con el historiador Peter Kuznick, hace una interpretación libre de la historia del último siglo de la Unión Americana a través de 618 páginas.

La obra sale a la venta a partir de hoy, pero según había adelantado un diario político, se incluye una “crítica mordaz” del primer mandato de Obama, que busca la reelección en los comicios del próximo 6 de noviembre frente al candidato republicano Mitt Romney.

“El país que Obama heredó estaba efectivamente hecho un caos, pero el presidente tomó una mala situación y, en cierta manera, la hizo peor”, escriben los autores que acusan a el mandatario de “haber perpetuado” las políticas que ha criticado de Bush y sus predecesores.

Los autores acusan a Obama de romper sus promesas de campaña y llevar a cabo políticas antiprogresistas.

Así, sobre la reforma del sector financiero señala: “El mayor ganador fue Wall Street”, critica el envío de 30 mil militares a Afganistán en 2009 antes de anunciar la retirada y considera que Obama no logró articular una reforma sanitaria “progresista”.

Además, en una serie documental que se empezará a emitir a partir del 12 de noviembre en el canal Showtime, el cineasta asegura que respaldó a Obama en el año 2008, pero este año hubiera votado por el republicano Ron Paul, uno de los aspirantes a la candidatura republicana en las primarias que ganó Mitt Romney. (EFE)

http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/espectaculos/118223.html

Expand

Better Nutrition Could Save Millions of Kids-Study

http://www.laleva.org/eng/2004/06/better_nutrition_could_save_millions_of_kidsstudy.html

Thu Jun 17, 2004 08:02 AM ET Souce: Reuters

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Malnutrition is to blame for more than half of allthe deaths of children around the world -- including deaths caused bydiarrhea, pneumonia, malaria and measles, researchers said on Thursday.

Poor nourishment leaves children underweight and weakened and vulnerable toinfections that do not have to be fatal, the team at the World HealthOrganization and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore found.

They estimated that feeding all children worldwide an adequate diet wouldprevent about 1 million deaths a year from pneumonia, 800,000 fromdiarrhea, 500,000 from malaria, and 250,000 from measles.

"Malnutrition does not have to be severe to have a significant impact onchild health and survival," said Laura Caulfield, an associate professorwith the Bloomberg School's Center for Human Nutrition who led the study.

"Our analysis shows that even children who were small, but whose weightwould not classify them as malnourished, were twice as likely to die aschildren in our reference group."

Her group analyzed the data from 10 studies of childhood deaths around theworld, and used complex formulas to extrapolate the effect of weight on thelikelihood of death.

They estimate that 52.5 percent of all deaths in young children wereattributable to undernourishment, with nearly 45 percent of measles deathsand more than 60 percent of deaths from diarrhea associated with low weightand poor nutrition.

"These findings underscore the need to make the improvement of thenutritional status of children a priority," they wrote in their study,published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

© Reuters 2004. All Rights Reserved.

http://www.whale.to/a/nutr1.html

{
}
Expand

Wiki-Rath The Soros Connection

March 2010 -- Although Jimmy Wales, the public figurehead of Wikipedia, tries to give the world the impression that his website is an independent entity, the reality is that the Wikimedia Foundation, of which Wikipedia is a project, is directly dependent upon support from super-wealthy benefactors with connections to the pharmaceutical investment business.

One of the most notable of the Wikimedia Foundation’s supporters is the so-called “Open Society Institute”, founded by the chairman of Soros Fund Management LLC, George Soros.

Links between George Soros, the Wikimedia Foundation and the drug industry

George Soros is a Hungarian-born currency speculator and multi-billion dollar stock market wheeler-dealer who has been convicted of insider trading in France. Accused in court by the Dr. Rath Foundation of having funded the ARV drug-promoting Treatment Action Campaign to the tune of 1.4 million South African Rand, Soros has invested heavily in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors over the years, buying large holdings in companies such as Pfizer, Merck and Monsanto.

Significantly, therefore, Melissa Hagemann, Senior Program Manager of the Soros Open Society Institute’s Information Program, currently sits on the advisory board of the Wikimedia Foundation, which operates Wikipedia. Hagemann has also worked with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation – an organization that, like Soros, has previously invested heavily in the drug industry and, according to the Los Angeles Times, reaps vast financial gains every year from investments that contravene its claims to good works.

Similarly, Ethan Zuckerman, a member of the Wikimedia advisory board since its formation in January 2007, simultaneously sits on a funding board for the Information Program of the Soros Open Society Institute.

Another member of the Wikimedia advisory board, Trevor Neilson, is currently President of the so-called Global Philanthropy Group and has notably advised the likes of Bono, Bill Gates and former U.S. president Bill Clinton – all of whom have been prominent promoters of ARV drugs – on HIV/AIDS. Moreover, Neilson has also served as Executive Director of the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS (GBC), which was created with investments from Soros, Gates and the American media tycoon Ted Turner. GBC has close connections to the drug industry and the members of its inaptly-named “Health Systems Strengthening” intervention include the drug multinationals Merck; Sanofi-Aventis; Abbott; Pfizer; Schering-Plough and others. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations – whose honorary chairman is the key drug industry investor David Rockefeller – Neilson is said to have recruited over 100 companies to join GBC.

Soros and currency speculation

Currently said to be at the centre of a plot to cash in on the fall in value of the euro, and to be placing large bets against it, Soros has a long history of engaging in morally dubious currency speculation schemes for personal gain.

In early 1992, for example, he decided that the British pound would have to be devalued on the grounds he considered it had entered the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) – the currency exchange rate system that prepared for the introduction of the euro – at too high a rate. As a result, he spent months building up a gigantic trading position with the aim of profiting on a colossal scale. Reportedly borrowing around 6.5 billion British pounds, Soros converted his holdings into a mixture of German Deutschmarks and French francs. On 16 September 1992, now known as “Black Wednesday”, his gamble paid off and brought him a fortune. Over the following days, he unwound his positions, causing a tidal wave of selling the pound on foreign exchanges, with the result that the value of the pound plummeted and Britain was forced to drop out of the ERM. As a result, Soros made a profit of around £1 billion and became known as "The man who broke the Bank of England."

However, defending the pound against Soros’ enormous bets on the international currency markets cost Britain around £3.3 billion and the resulting financial turmoil in the country was widely viewed at the time as a national disaster.

To Soros, however, engaging in massive currency speculation gambles for personal gain is all in a day’s work. Said to dabble daily in currency markets to the tune of $1 trillion, his alleged role in sparking the 1997 Asian economic crisis led to a group of southeast Asian countries calling for him to be prosecuted as a criminal.

Business associates of Soros

According to the New Statesman, Soros’ business partners have included the Carlyle Group, where he is reported to have invested more than $100m. One of the world's largest private equity funds, the Carlyle Group is believed to make most of its money from work as a defence contractor. At various times, its advisors and investors are said to have included the former U.S. secretary of state James Baker, former U.S. defence secretary Frank Carlucci, former U.S. president George Bush senior and even relatives of Osama Bin Laden.

Money for nothing?

The involvement of Soros and his so-called Open Society Institute in the Wikimedia Foundation, and the latter’s open admittance that it relies on the “expertise & generosity” of Soros and its other benefactors, plainly raises a number of questions.

For one thing, are we supposed to believe that Soros and the Wikimedia Foundation’s other super-wealthy backers have not asked for anything in return for their money and support? Frankly, given the evidence that the facts aren’t welcome on Wikipedia when you challenge the interests of the multi-billion dollar drug industry, we suspect that some people might find this rather difficult to accept. This is especially the case given the longstanding unanswered questions regarding the relationship the Wikimedia Foundation has with venture capitalists.

This issue aside, arguably the most important matters that need to be urgently addressed by Jimmy Wales and the Wikimedia Foundation at the current time are the fact that Soros has been convicted of insider trading and that a group of southeast Asian countries want him prosecuted as a criminal for his role in sparking the 1997 Asian economic crisis. After all, if the Wikimedia Foundation is happy to accept the support of a man like Soros, what does this suggest about its own probity?

In a sense, however, the game is already up for Wikipedia. With its editors now leaving at an alarming rate and the official exams watchdog in the UK, Ofqual, recently stating that schoolchildren should avoid Wikipedia as it is not “authoritative or accurate” and in some cases “may be completely untrue”, the credibility of the website is undeniably sinking fast. And this is before we even begin to consider the fact that some of the most prolific contributors to Wikipedia are the CIA, the British Labour Party and the Vatican – and that they are not just updating their own entries, either.

Notably, therefore, Virgil Griffith, the creator of the WikiScanner, an online tool that links millions of anonymous Wikipedia edits to the organizations where those edits originated, has openly accused Wikipedia of being laden with manipulation, forgery, and the downright unscrupulous.

Based upon what we ourselves now know about Wikipedia and its backers, we’re increasingly inclined to agree with his analysis.

http://www4.dr-rath-foundation.org/THE_FOUNDATION/wiki_rath/soros_connection.html

http://www.whale.to/a/wikirath.html

Expand

Expertos tachan de "terroristas" a las tácticas de las empresas tabacaleras

Participantes de un foro sobre el cáncer llamaron a endurecer el control sobre la industria del tabaco

Una industria con tácticas terroristas que puede eliminar hasta 1.000 millones de personas este siglo. Así fue calificada la actividad empresarial de las tabacaleras en un foro de expertos sobre el cáncer el pasado fin de semana.

“Lo que vemos es una industria global que produce una mercancía letal, al menos para la mitad de la gente que la compra. Va a matar a 1.000 millones de personas este siglo si esta tendencia se mantiene", dijo John Seffrin, director de la asociación estadounidense American Cancer Society.

El experto resaltó en una entrevista al diario británico 'The Independent' que es posible evitar tal resultado “si obstaculizamos las tácticas terroristas de la industria tabacalera en la comercialización de sus mercancías a los niños”.

Los 100 expertos en el cáncer convocados en el balneario suizo de Lugano para el Foro Mundial de Oncología llamaron a los gobiernos a que hagan más esfuerzos para controlar a la industria tabacalera: mediante aumentar los precios de los cigarrillos, prohibir la publicidad del tabaco o imponer impuestos adicionales sobre las ganancias de las empresas tabacaleras transnacionales.

La adicción al tabaco representa cerca del 22% de las muertes de cáncer cada año, constándole la vida a 1,7 millones de personas. Casi un millón muere por cáncer de pulmón. Sin embargo, la cantidad de nuevos fumadores entre los jóvenes crece más rápido que el número de los que dejan de fumar.
 
Según los cálculos de expertos, cada año el número de nuevos fumadores se incrementa en unos 30 millones.
 
 
Expand

¿Cuánta cafeína se debe tomar para morir?

Al menos 5 personas han muerto en los últimos 3 años tras consumir bebida energéticas

Para morir por intoxicación de cafeína hace falta tomar al menos 22 litros de café en McDonald´s, según una investigación realizada cuando se dio a conocer una demanda interpuesta contra un fabricante de bebidas energéticas la semana pasada.

La dosis letal de cafeína es de 10 gramos aproximadamente. Sin embargo, las reacciones individuales a esta sustancia varían y dependen también de factores como las condiciones de salud y el consumo de sustancias como el alcohol, escribe la revista 'Popular science'.

Un adulto puede consumir diariamente de 200 a 300 miligramos de cafeína, de 2 a 4 tazas de café, sin sufrir efectos adversos como el insomnio, temblores musculares o elevado ritmo cardiaco.

Según el Instituto Nacional de Salud de EE.UU. son raros los casos mortales de niveles tóxicos de cafeína.

No obstante, el fabricante de bebidas energéticasMonster Beverage se enfrenta a una demanda de la familia de Anais Fournier, una joven estadounidense de 14 años que murió en diciembre de una arritmia cardíaca tras haber consumido varias latas de Monster en dos días.

Las autoridades sanitarias de EE.UU. tuvieron que hacer públicos informes que señalan que cinco personas han muerto en los últimos tres años tras consumir sus productos.
 
Sin embargo, la Administración de Fármacos y Alimentos de EE.UU. apuntó que no existe ningún vínculo comprobado entre las muertes y el consumo de la bebida, que tiene un elevado contenido de cafeína.
 
 
Expand

Russia can make Greece prospering state in one year

Two years ago, Greece missed the chance to extricate from the crisis with Russia's help. Nowadays, Russian investments in the country grow and give air to breathe to economies of several regions of Greece, such as the north-east. Russian investors are especially attracted by cheap real estate, tourism and the property that they can buy from the state.

"Greece should only give Russia the green light, and the Russian money will come," said Ivan Savvidi, a businessman and the president of the Association of Greek Public Organizations of Russia said. "If Greece asks Russian business, I can tell you that by October next year, Greece will become a prosperous country," the BBC quoted Savvidi, a former deputy of the Russian State Duma.

"Russia has never turned its back on Greece in a thousand years, and, of course, it will not now," the official said.

According to Savvidi, the Greek government has once missed a historic opportunity to get out of the crisis with Russia's help. "Two years ago, when George Papandreou (former Prime Minister) met with Vladimir Putin, the Russian side was ready to help, but Athens did not raise the issue," Savvidi said.

Why wasn't Greece ready? Prominent German politician of the CDU, Armin Laschet, tried to answer this question. According to him, Greece's exit from the euro zone "may lead to instability in NATO member states. Russia is ready to help Greece with its billions should the scenario continues to develop," Laschet told Reuters. "There is much more at stake here than just a question of whether Greece meets the criteria of EU's bailout plan."

However, despite the absence of political will on the part of Greece, Russian investments in the economy of the crisis-stricken nation grow. First, it is tourism that Savvidi called "the oil pipe of Greece." Eleftherios Meletlidis, a hotelier in the area of Mount Athos, told the BBC that the number of tourists in the region had increased tenfold since 2002. "The Russian market is huge. The Russians practice  Orthodoxy, they love Greece. The proximity to Mount Athos is the key, as the Russians are very religious, at a much greater extent than the Greeks."

According to Russia-Greece Chamber of Commerce, tourists from Russia - 1.7 million people last year - leave a lot of money in the country - about $ 2 billion. About 7 percent of Russians come with a wish to buy real estate. For example, last year there were 31,000 such transactions registered. "The Russians have a strong interest in acquiring land, businesses and real estate," said Grigoris Tassios, the chairman of the Association of Halkidiki Hotels in the north of the country.

According to him, Russian entrepreneurs have acquired eight hotels in four years. "But the Russians are tough negotiators. They know that the market is depressed and therefore request a 30 percent discount on everything that catches their interest," he added.

It should be noted that the Greek real estate market is not in the first priority of the Russians - it takes only the 15th position. The second Greek-Russian forum on real estate, which was held in Athens on October23-24, unveiled the following numbers. Russians prefer to buy property in Italy (35 percent), Bulgaria (15 percent), the U.S. (12 percent), Czech Republic (9 percent), Spain (8 percent), Turkey (3 percent), Greek portal Imerisia.gr. wrote.

The President of the federation of Russian brokerage firms, Anna Lupashko, reported that in Greece, Russian customers look for real estate ranging from 100 to 200 thousand euros for personal recreation. She described an average Russian investor. This is a businessman aged 30-45, married, with children, concluding his or her deal for the first time. He or she wants to spend around 150,000 dollars (56 percent). As many as 13.6 percent buy homes within 500,000 dollars in the countries such as the UK, Italy and France). They buy mostly new apartments (55 percent), and are not interested in real estate property under construction.

The Russians also look for a mild climate (71 percent), friendly attitude of people (44 percent) and investment opportunities (40 percent). All of this they can find in Greece. In addition to tourism and real estate, the Russian business is ready to invest in the infrastructure and industry of the country. To implement the recommendations of the IMF, ECB and EU, the Greek government widely privatizes state property in order to replenish its liquidity. A Russian investor has bought a controlling stake in the state-controlled Dodoni dairies and a port complex in Thessaloniki. Gazprom is interested in buying DEPA gas company; Russian Railways monopoly is interested in unprofitable Greek railways.

Despite Greece's membership in the EU and NATO, the country's friendship with Russia has many years of fine traditions. Count Ioannis Kapodistrias, a Greek diplomat and foreign minister of the Tsarist Russia, was elected in 1827 the first President of Greece (after the country became independence from the Ottoman Empire).

During the Greek National Liberation Revolution in 1821 - 1829 years, the "Russian party" that was representing the Peloponnesian Greeks was primarily responsible for the armed struggle against the Turks on land. Russia's influence has not been lost in the areas where Russia was fighting against the Ottoman Empire. This influence grows through investments from both private and state Russian businesses and can be much bigger if the Greek government has the political will for it.

Lyuba Lulko

Pravda.Ru

http://english.pravda.ru/russia/economics/29-10-2012/122618-russia_greece-0/

Expand

Las mujeres que dejan de fumar antes de cumplir los treinta viven diez años más

Un estudio revela que los riesgos que entraña  el tabaco para las fumadoras son mucho mayores que los revelados hasta ahora

Las mujeres que dejan de fumar antes de alcanzar la treintena pueden prolongar su vida unos diez años, según un reciente estudio de la Universidad de Oxford, considerado el más importante de la historia en este campo.

Los investigadores analizaron los datos de más de 1,3 millones de mujeres con edades comprendidas entre los 50 y 65 años. Todas ellas completaron un cuestionario sobre sus estilos de vida e historial clínico y, tres años más tarde, realizaron otro estudio para comparar los datos. Si alguna participante moría, eran informados de la fecha y de la causa de la muerte.

Las principales conclusiones de este nuevo estudio sobre los efectos del tabaco revelan que los riesgos del tabaquismo para las mujeres son mayores de los sugeridos en estudios anteriores y que aquellas que dejan de fumar tienen más beneficios de lo que se pensaba.

Según el informe, las mujeres que dejaron de fumar antes de los cuarenta evitaronen más del 90% el riesgo de contraer un cáncer al pulmón. También viene a demostrar que las dos terceras partes de las muertes de mujeres entre los 50 y 70 años de edad se pueden atribuir al consumo del tabaco, pero las que dejan de fumar antes de los 30, evitan riesgos de muerte prematura.

El Doctor Richard Peto, autor principal del estudio, explica que las enfermedades que más preocupan son el cáncer de pulmón, las enfermedades pulmonares crónicas y cardíacas y los accidentes cerebrovasculares, todas ellas vinculadas a la adicción al tabaco.

Peto, que trabajó durante 30 años con el ya fallecido académicoSir Richard Doll -uno de los primeros en identificar la relación del cáncer al pulmón y el tabaquismo- cree que el trabajo inicial de Doll ayudó a prevenir millones de muertes prematuras en todo el mundo.

http://actualidad.rt.com/ciencias/view/57190-mujeres-dejan-fumar-cumplir-treinta-viven-diez-anos

Expand

U.S. tested chemical weapons on poor and blacks during the Cold War

U.S. tested chemical weapons on poor and blacks during the Cold War... On the grounds that they were testing a shield against a Soviet nuclear attack in the city of Saint Louis, the U.S. military sprayed compounds over the local population used in the manufacture of chemical weapons.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the suburbs of St. Louis, Missouri, served as a prototype for testing toxic compounds...

On the grounds that they were testing a shield against a Soviet nuclear attack in the city of Saint Louis, the U.S. military sprayed compounds over the local population used in the manufacture of chemical weapons. That's what a study conducted by Lisa Martino-Taylor, professor of sociology at Saint Louis Community College who scoured public documents and found cases of cadmium sulfide and zinc poisoning during the 1950s and 1960s.

According to the study, the U.S. military sponsored tests specifically in socially segregated areas of high population density, where there was a predominance of black and low income citizens. In an interview with the local news station KSDK, she said she was "very shocked by the degree of secrecy and deception" of the authorities responsible for operations. "They clearly did their best to deceive people," she concluded.

 Tests of chemical weapons on humans have been the product of what Lisa calls the "Manhattan-Rochester Coalition," a research program of the U.S. government that tried to measure in the context of the Cold War the impact of radioactive reactions in the human body. Similar experiments also have occurred in the city of Corpus Christi, Texas.

The most toxic compounds were poured from planes during flybys over the targets. However, Lisa claims that aerosol sprays were also positioned on top of skyscrapers and meteorological towers in the area. In 1953, there were altogether 16 tests - no less than 35 shots of zinc sulfide and  cadmium in Saint Louis. The neighborhood most affected is described by Lisa as "a densely populated slum," where about 10 thousand low income citizens lived, mostly children.

Clarifications

Surprised with the results obtained by Lisa, state lawmakers sought clarification from the armed forces on Monday (22/10). "The idea that thousands of citizens of Missouri were exposed to toxic materials against their will to determine their effects on health is absolutely shocking.  It should be no surprise that these people and their families are demanding answers from government officials," said Republican state Senator Roy Blunt.

The Democrat, Claire McCaskill, and her colleague Blunt also called for greater clarification from the Secretary of the Army, John McHugh. "Both the Senate and the House conducted investigations throughout the 1990s, but nothing was ever done, explains Lisa Martino-Taylor. For her, the worst mistake was "never really having looked at those who were really affected."

Radioactivity

The research was unable to conclude with certainty whether there was indeed radioactive compounds through the mixture of cadmium sulfide and zinc. In her interview with KSDK, Lisa says that "there is ample evidence that there were radiological compounds involved in the experiment."

His main hypothesis is that fluorescent particles were added to this mixture, used to "illuminate" targets and identify them for further tests. There is suspicion that a company called U.S. Radium was involved with this part of the experiment. "U.S. Radium had already been legally liable because of producing a radioactive dye that killed several painters of radioactive tiles," it is alleged.

Questioned on the future steps of her inquiry, she reveals that the important thing was to have revealed "that all this was a violation of all medical ethics, all international codes and even the entire military regiment of the time."

Translated from the Portuguese version by:

Lisa Karpova

Pravda.Ru

http://english.pravda.ru/world/americas/29-10-2012/122604-us_chemical_trials-0/